A nuchal cord is a complication that occurs when the umbilical cord wraps around the foetus’ neck. These are common and can occur at any time. In some cases, they do not impact the pregnancy’s outcomes, but in others, they pose a significant risk for lowered blood flow, hypoxia (low oxygen levels), and delivery complications. They can interrupt normal blood, nutrient and oxygen exchange, resulting in the baby sustaining serious injuries. They are often detected via ultrasound with a precision of up to 83-97 percent with color Doppler.
Doctors manage nuchal cords by preventing umbilical cord compression during the labor/delivery process or in the weeks leading up to the delivery. In some cases, immediate C-sections are necessary. If they are not performed quickly enough, this can make the effects of hypoxia and ischemia significantly worse. It is paramount that the medical team handling a pregnancy be skilled in handling complications like these. It is medical negligence if doctors do not monitor and treat the mother and baby properly, or do not follow standard practices. This is medical negligence if the baby is injured.