Brain injury referred to as traumatic brain injury (TBI), is defined as an alteration in brain function or other evidence of brain pathology caused by an external force. Acquired brain injury (ABI), is defined as an injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative or induced by birth trauma. This sometimes causes confusion. Today, any traumatic brain injury is an acquired brain injury, defined as any acquired disruption of brain function. Strokes are a form of brain injury.
Brain injury does not diminish a person’s intelligence, it merely alters how the brain performs tasks. It can be described as mild, moderate or severe, but no matter what the severity, every brain injury is serious and must be treated as such. And, brain injury does not show prejudice. A person’s gender, age, race, culture, religion or socioeconomic background makes no difference.
The good news is that brain injury can be prevented 90% of the time with proper training, equipment and attention.